The Benefits of a Green Card Permanent Resident
Green cards provide permanent residence to noncitizens living and working within the United States and allow them to apply for citizenship after three or five years. Learn the best info about نتایج لاتاری.
One can obtain a green card through family sponsorship, employment sponsorship, humanitarian cases (refugee and asylum adjustments), or a diversity lottery.
Green card holders enjoy the freedom to live and work anywhere within the U.S. without bureaucratic stress or uncertainty associated with visa application procedures, complete protection under federal, state, and local laws, access to world-class higher education systems (perhaps taking advantage of resident rates at colleges/universities to reduce international tuition fees), world-class healthcare services as well as eligibility for numerous social security benefits.
One can sponsor immediate family members for green cards, including spouses, children, and parents of U.S. citizens, as well as refugees, asylum seekers, and individuals chosen through a diversity lottery. Individuals may qualify for U.S. passports and enjoy many visa waiver agreements between different countries, in addition to taking advantage of the strong economy that makes investments more readily liquidable.
Green card holders have full voting rights in federal elections and can donate funds to political candidates, giving them more influence in policies affecting their community. Unfortunately, however, state and local elections do not extend full voting rights to green card holders, who must also file income tax returns with the IRS and report earnings to them, as well as register with Selective Service between 18 and 25.
The United States offers several methods for foreign nationals to acquire permanent residency status through green card residency applications. One category is family-based and serves to reunite families here in America, while others can be admitted through employment, refugee and asylum statuses, the Diversity Lottery, or noteworthy acts of Congress – each category having specific requirements and wait times.
Immigrants must file federal income tax returns and may be eligible to deduct expenses. State and local returns may also be due, depending on where you reside. Green card holders are expected to demonstrate they maintain a residence here permanently; any extended absences can cause port-of-entry staff to question whether this claim still holds.
Immediate relatives include spouses, children under the age of 21, parents, and siblings of U.S. citizens – they can obtain green cards more rapidly than other immigrants. Extended relatives such as brothers or sisters must either be sponsored by a close relative or placed on a waiting list that could take several years before receiving one.
Individuals can apply for employment-based green cards if they meet specific qualifications, including education, skills, and job offers. Furthermore, applicants must demonstrate they will add something positive to the American workforce; no qualified worker exists who could do their job. Depending on preference categories and wait times as determined by the Department of State, individuals can submit applications.
A green card (legal permanent residence) allows noncitizens to reside and work permanently in the United States, in contrast to the temporary authorization that H-1 and J-1 visa classifications provide. Furthermore, having legal permanent residency confers additional benefits such as accessing U.S. government benefit programs as well as applying for citizenship after some time has elapsed.
As part of its oversight of employment-based green cards, the Department of Labor oversees the PERM process (originally Latin for “labor certification”). Employers sponsor employees eligible for employment-based immigration under one of several categories, including EB-2 for advanced degree professionals and NIW (National Interest Waiver). Once support is complete, an employer must demonstrate that no qualified U.S. workers were available through a rigorous recruitment process involving reviewing resumes and interviewing candidates before filing their PERM petition with USCIS to begin the green card process.
While this process is ongoing, an employee may possess two permits – an Employment Authorization Document or EAD and a temporary travel document called advance parole – enabling them to remain employed and travel within the U.S. while the green card application process continues. Should it be successful, these documents will allow an individual to eventually receive either an unconditioned or conditional green card in the mail.
As its name implies, biometrics appointments involve taking your fingerprints and photographs to verify who you are. Once collected, this data will then be run through the FBI database to check for criminal histories that would disqualify you from receiving your green card.
Process Description for USCIS Filing Applications It’s a relatively straightforward and streamlined procedure, without an interview requirement or sponsor requirements; no need for them or an interpreter to come with you, either. Once at the USCIS office, expect some delay; your appointment should last at most 20 minutes.
Fingerprint and photo takers don’t know much about your immigration case, so it is best not to raise questions or issues at this time. Furthermore, canceling appointments could cause significant delays in processing.
Having someone accompany you to your biometrics appointment could save a great deal of time and stress; however, family members aren’t always available.